How to Hack Your Squarespace Site's SEO
Squarespace makes building beautiful sites simple. The flexible, intuitive site builder offers a myriad of options to help you create the site of your dreams — whether you want to showcase your photography in an online gallery, market your services, or sell products with an online store. Creating a gorgeous site can take a matter of an afternoon and there’s no need to hire a professional web developer to help. Squarespace is also an SEO nightmare for the uninitiated.
Now, full disclaimer: I use a Squarespace site. I love my site. I just wish I could have learned about these mistakes months ago when I first started building my site. So, borrow from my mistakes and get your Squarespace site off to a better start!
Squarespace & Search Engine Optimization
There’s a myth circulating that Squarespace isn’t good for SEO. Despite what I said above, it really isn’t true. It’s very hard to completely torpedo your site’s SEO if you follow their native SEO tools and tips. The SEO tab that appears in every page’s settings is a fantastic tool, which shows you a SERP preview of your metadata, the number of characters you have remaining, and a simple, but informational, explanation of metadata.
Additionally, Squarespace does some handy, coding-free SEO work, like making no-index tags a simple checkbox, automatically encouraging the use of H1-H3 headings, and using your image captions as alt text tags (more on this later). They also provide a native analytics tool and make it quite simple to connect with other tools, such as Google Search Console and Analytics. They even generate your sitemap and make it easy to find for submission to search engines (hint: just add /sitemap.xml to the end of your domain and you’ve got it).
All-in-all, if you’re not looking to drive organic traffic to your site and play the ranking game, Squarespace has you covered without too much effort on your part. If you do want to practice your SEO techniques and compete for rankings with your Squarespace site, well, keep reading.
Squarespace May Be Killing Your Ranking — Without You Realizing It
Now, for those who are unfamiliar with SEO beyond more than a basic concept, search engines like Google and Bing use a variety of factors to score your site and determine how well it ranks in any given search. As of December 2018, Backlinko identifies 200 such factors for Google. Many, many of these factors are based on user behaviors… which is not exactly something you can control. They are, however, pretty easily influenced.
User-driven ranking factors can include:
Organic click-through rate (CTR): the number of users clicking on your search result
Bounce rate: the number of users who click on a page and quickly leave
Pogosticking: when users bounce from one result to another on a SERP, trying to find the information they want
Dwell time: the amount of time a user spends on a page
Direct links: how many users access the site from sources like a social media link
Interactions: shares, comments, likes, and other user interactions
Obviously, we can’t force searchers to click on our site or stay there — but you can make it very tempting to do so. Sometimes, though, Squarespace can still nuke these ranking factors without you ever realizing it. No amount of excellent content is going to make up for Squarespace misleading Google to think your site isn’t user-friendly when it is. Here are some of the ways Squarespace can harm your rankings.
Were you all googly-eyed over Squarespace’s really cool index page feature? I was! You can stack individual pages to create a sectioned view of your site’s content or present lots of smaller sub-pages in a gallery style. Easy for your visitors to find what they need, gorgeous to look at, and really easy to organize and re-organize, index pages seem like a site builder’s dream. As it turns out (and sadly, it wasn’t me who figure this out) that those super-cool index pages are treated as a single page when it comes to analytic tracking.
This means that no matter how many thumbnails are clicked to open sub-pages or how far a user scrolls down your index page, their traffic is treated as if they landed on your home page and went no further. Why is this? Well, it’s a little complicated but I’ll give it a shot.
Basically, the way that these sites are handled is with a feature called AJAX loading. It makes for a user-friendly experience and faster load times for content, but it uses a system that treats subpages not as the unique URLs that they are, but rather as anchors to other places on the home page. End result? High bounce rates. Not a great look for your site, according to Google. Sites with structure rank better, so if your site is handling like that one-page biography site you built for your high school computer science class, you’re not going to be happy with your ranking position.
Colin Irwin, a Squarespace developer, created a script that fixes the underreported index page traffic. I, however, created my own solution because I am on a Personal Plan and therefore am not allowed to code on my own site. My solution: links. Lots of ‘em.
See, when I had ALL my site content on an index page, there was zero reason for my users not to click on my navigation links, which would have taken them to the single-page version of my index page subsections, not just their spot on the index. So, I went through and I built a second layer of my site.
On my home page, which is an index-style page (and also called an index page if you learned to build sites, like, any time before Squarespace was a thing), I created previews of my other pages. I put a little bit of content to inspire users to want to know more, and then I plopped one of my favorite features at the bottom of that section — the button. These buttons were directed to lead users to a more fleshed-out page that contained a lot more information about the topic. For instance, I used a mini-bio on my home page and linked to a multi-section biography that detailed my experience and skills. Finally, I went to the individual index page subsections, and I used a no-index tag to tell search engines to ignore the mini-page. Like this:
I proceeded to do that for most of the pages on my site until I was able to build out a clear, easy-to-navigate site structure. For users who want to know more, they now can navigate to an entirely new page, thus telling search engines that they liked my site enough to keep clicking through it.
The Escape Option
Squarespace has a unique way to login to the back end of your site using the escape key to shrink down your site’s frame and put you into editing mode by using the escape key. The setting is in the Advanced section of your site settings.
Your back-end site runs on a different URL than your front-end site does, but you can use the escape key to move from your custom domain to the hidden Squarespace subdomain. Your back-end domain is automatically assigned by Squarespace and is tied to your site itself. It can be changed, but it will always look something like customname.squarespace.com.
What I didn’t realize is that, while Squarespace analytics isn’t supposed to track your interactions with your site while you’re logged in (it ignores the IP address of the logged-in device), Google Search Console and Google Analytics certainly do. Which means I was visiting allisongoodwin.co, and then promptly bouncing off of it to another site — my back-end domain. Every. Single. Day. I’m still waiting for the changes from this realization to drop off my analytics tools, but maybe I’ll have some nice before-and-after screen caps for when it does.
But your takeaway: bookmark your back-end domain, and go to that if you’re going to use the escape key to log in.
Captions as Alt text
Alt text tags are little pieces of code that accompany images on your site. You don’t see them if everything loads like normal, but if you’re a visually impaired user using a screen reader or a search bot crawling a site and indexing content, these tags tell you what the image is of. Neither screen readers nor bots can “look” at an image the way we sighted people can, so we provide a text substitute to describe the image. You may just want to put something like “German Shepherd” in as alt text, or you may want to provide a detailed description of the image. Either way, using alt text makes for accessible sites (yay!) and the ability to rank in image searches (yay!).
Squarespace, however, doesn’t make it easy. Whereas WordPress has a unique option to add alt text AND a description… Squarespace sticks us with captions-as-descriptions nonsense, and then doesn’t tell us that’s what’s going on. From a disabled developer — not cool, Squarespace. Accessibility should be effortless.
Personal complaints aside, this weird option means that you need to do some convoluted sh*t to get your captions to work as alt text, especially if you’re using a layout option that puts text descriptions on your image like any of these:
Style Factory has a helpful tutorial on making alt text captions work and making it look pretty. As you can see in the image above, I don’t have my captions displayed. Why? Because my caption is written to be alt text. What they also don’t tell you is that your file name is important for indexing reasons too. I need to go through and fix mine, but here’s a sample:
Automatic Page URLs
As discussed above, your site structure is important. It tells search engines the flow of information, directs your readers to information they want, and just makes things easier. Squarespace has a habit of assigning unique automatic URLs to new pages, and completely ignores the folder system that basically every structured site uses. Here’s my site structure for my Services page (yeah, I know. It’s an index. Shame on me.):
Fortunately, this is easy to fix. Just go to your page’s settings, and correct your URL slug to show the right folder in front of it. This means that I can tell search engines that “/content-marketing-copywriting” isn’t a stand-alone page, but rather a subpage of “/services” which is, in turn, a subpage of my root domain. I try not to go more than three levels deep in my navigation, since a) I don’t have that much content and b) it’s infuriating to get directed deeper and deeper into a site in search of the info you want.
Now my sitemap reflects my structure and Google is pleased my offering.
Mastering Your Squarespace Site’s SEO
SEO is a detailed practice, but there’s plenty of advice out there to make the most of Squarespace’s platform and make sure that your site performs to the best of its ability. Don’t be afraid to experiment with your site and find out what works — and what doesn’t.
Have any Squarespace SEO tips or mistakes to share? Tell me in the comments!
All screencaps were taken by the author.